Attributed to Jean-Auguste-Dominique INGRES... - Lot 227 - Ader

Lot 227
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Estimation :
10000 - 15000 EUR
Attributed to Jean-Auguste-Dominique INGRES... - Lot 227 - Ader
Attributed to Jean-Auguste-Dominique INGRES (1780 - 1867) Lictor's head (study for the martyrdom of Saint Symphorien) Paper mounted on canvas 23.5 x 24 cm (Old restorations, missing cracks in upper right) Provenance : - Sale of the Jean Dollfus collection, Paris, Galerie Georges Petit (Mes Lair-Dubreuil et Baudoin), March 2, 1912 , n°42, reproduced (Ingres) ; - Gaston Fourvel Rigolleau Collection, Buenos-Aires; - Sale in Paris, Palais Galliera, Maîtres Solanet, M. Rheims, R-G Laurin, Ph Rheims, June 14, 1967, no. 49 (as Ingres, adj. 6600 francs). Exhibitions : - Exposition posthume des œuvres d'Ingres, 1867 (according to the label on the reverse, not found in this catalog); - Paris, Musée du Louvre, Exposition de tableaux, statues et objets d'art au profit de l'oeuvre des Orphelins d'Alsace-Lorraine, 1885, no. 271 (as INGRES). This study can be related to the head of the veiled priest in the left background of Ingres' "Le martyre de saint Symphorien", now in Autun Cathedral. Extravagantly, the face is encased in a circle formed by the arm and base of the curule seat held by a lictor. Part of the legs of this seat can be seen, in brown, on the right of our painting. Commissioned by the French government in 1824, the painting was not begun until several years later, and finally exhibited at the Salon ten years later. In addition to numerous drawings, we know of around ten preparatory sketches, mostly on paper laid down on canvas, and concerning the right-hand side of the composition (Montauban, Musée Ingres; Cambridge, Fogg Art Museum; Bayonne, Musée Bonnat, etc.). Following the artist's own working technique, this is a reinterpretation of his "Condottiere", painted twenty years earlier (acquired by the Musée Ingres in Montauban in 2023). Our sketch was sold as an Ingres autograph in 1912 and 1967. It is known that Hippolyte Flandrin and Paul Flandrin had collaborated on the large-format work on a limited basis before his departure for Rome in 1832. A study of a hooded face, signed Flandrin, and related to one, the figure of "Saint Symphorien" in the crowd in the background, is preserved in the Musée d'Ingres in Montauban. ("Hippolyte et Paul Flandrin. Paysages et portraits" exhibition catalog, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, 2007, pp. 20-21).
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