Proxy certificates / Hujja badel 'an al-ghayr, one titled in a cartouche "Mekke'nin Görünüşü". Representing the Ka'aba surrounded by the minbar, the stone of Isma'il, the maqam of Abraham. At the bottom, six cartouches decorated with mosques show the six stages of pilgrimage; in the background, on the heights, the modern buildings of the city. The name of the pilgrim and the date of the pilgrimage are missing.
29 x 38 cm; 40 x 55 cm
Two printed pilgrimage certificates, Arabia and Turkey, 20th century